Walter Benjamin and Cultural Theory

The German literary theorist Walter Benjamin (1892-1940) was associated with what is known as the Frankfurt School of German critical theory (although he was never a member of its institutional body, the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research). His work is diverse in both its content (ranging from studies of Romantic and contemporary literature, through photography… Read More Walter Benjamin and Cultural Theory

Terry Eagleton and Marxist Literary Theory

Terence Francis Eagleton (b: 1943), a student of Raymond Williams, is a literary theorist, and since the 1970s, widely regarded as the most influential British Marxist critic. He has written more than forty books, including Literary Theory: An Introduction (1983), The Ideology of the Aesthetic (1990), and The Illusions of Postmodernism (1996). Tremendously influenced by… Read More Terry Eagleton and Marxist Literary Theory

Georg Lukacs as a Marxist Literary Theorist

The Hungarian thinker and aesthetician Georg Lukacs (1885-1971) has played a pivotal role in the development of Western Marxism, which refers to a wide variety of Marxist theoreticians based in Western and central Europe. The Western Marxists are in opposition to the doctrines of the Soviet Union, who downplay the primacy of economic analysis, concerning… Read More Georg Lukacs as a Marxist Literary Theorist

Postmodernism’s Critique of Modernism

Postmodernism is a term applied to a variety of artistic, cultural and philosophical movements that arose as a result of modernism. While modernism frames itself as tahnedculmination of in response to Enlightenment‘s quest for authoritatively rational aesthetics, ethics and knowledge, Postmodernism seeks to subvert the Enlightenment ideals of progress, justice, centrality of human subjectivity through… Read More Postmodernism’s Critique of Modernism

Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Literary Studies: An Essay

The work of Roman Jakobson occupies a central place in the development of Formalism and Structuralism. A linguist from Moscow, Jakobson co-founded the Moscow Linguistic Circle in 1915, and along:with Viktor Shklovsky and Boris Eichenbaum, he was involved in yet another Russian Formalist group, the Society for the Study of Poetic Language (OPOJAZ) in 1916.… Read More Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Literary Studies: An Essay