Key Theories of Theodor Adorno

German philosopher, sociologist and musicologist who was a leading member (and eventually director) of the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research (the institutional basis of the Frankfurt School of German critical theory),  Theodor Adorno’s (1903-1969) work may be understood as an attempt to develop a Marxist theory of twentieth-century capitalism (Adorno 1987). Theodor Adorno follows Lukacs… Read More Key Theories of Theodor Adorno

Ernst Bloch and Utopian Marxist Philosophy

German Marxist philosopher, whose interest in Utopian thought has perhaps had as much, if not more, influence on theology (Moltmann 1967) than on philosophy or cultural theory. It is perhaps only a slight exaggeration to suggest that Ernst Bloch‘s (1885-1977) substantial and diverse output may best be understood as a gloss upon Marx’s observation that… Read More Ernst Bloch and Utopian Marxist Philosophy

Key Theories of Walter Benjamin

Walter Benjamin (1892–1940), best known for a text called The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction where the world of mass produced artworks, in particular those of photography and film, are explored. Benjamin is also regarded as an iconic intellectual of the twentieth century, who blurred the boundaries of many traditionally isolated subject… Read More Key Theories of Walter Benjamin

Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

While lauding 1914 century Realism, Lukacs attacked modernist experimental writers as “decadent” instances of concern with the subjectivity of the alienated individual in the fragmented world of our late stage of capitalism. He thereby inaugurated a vigorous debate among Marxist critics on the political standing of the formal innovators in the 20° century. The Frankfurt… Read More Frankfurt School and Critical Theory

Georg Lukacs as a Marxist Literary Theorist

The Hungarian thinker and aesthetician Georg Lukacs (1885-1971) has played a pivotal role in the development of Western Marxism, which refers to a wide variety of Marxist theoreticians based in Western and central Europe. The Western Marxists are in opposition to the doctrines of the Soviet Union, who downplay the primacy of economic analysis, concerning… Read More Georg Lukacs as a Marxist Literary Theorist