Chaos Theory, Complexity Theory and Literary Criticism

Chaos theory and complexity theory challenge some of our most deeply held beliefs about the nature of reality. The former claims that natural systems (for example, the weather) are controlled by mysterious forces, called ‘strange attractors‘, such that they are simultaneously random and determined -a conclusion which undermines the laws of logic on which so… Read More Chaos Theory, Complexity Theory and Literary Criticism

Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenological Approach to Films

Maurice Merleau-Ponty wrote only one essay on film, yet his phenomenological approach informs problems of perception central to film. Taken up by some theorists as a welcome counterbalance to Marxist and psychoanalytic theories that tend to consider the film as text, a phenomenological approach provides a methodology for thinking through the perceptual experience of viewing… Read More Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenological Approach to Films

Psychoanalysis of Deleuze and Guattari

Deleuze and Guattari are unusual subjects for the study of Psychoanalysis  because their work has attempted to reveal the bourgeois ideology imbedded in the apparent “radicalism” of psychoanalysis. They therefore focus on the institutionalization of psychoanalysis in works like Anti-Oedipus ( 1977) and A Thousand Plateaus (1987).The concerns and targets of Deleuze and Guattari may be… Read More Psychoanalysis of Deleuze and Guattari

Existentialist Movement in Literature

Existentialism is a term applied to the work of a number of philosophers since the 19th century who, despite large differences in their positions, generally focused on the condition of human existence, and an individual’s emotions, actions, responsibilities, and thoughts, or the meaning or purpose of life. Existential philosophers often focused more on what is… Read More Existentialist Movement in Literature