Modernism, Postmodernism and Film Criticism

Postmodern cinema ironically has a history now. In 1984, Fredric Jameson observed that contemporary culture seemed to be expressing a new form of ‘depthlessness‘ – a concentration on style and ‘surface’. For Jameson these features represented a retreat from the need to supply a univocal narrative closure to the postmodern text, predicated on the fragmentation… Read More Modernism, Postmodernism and Film Criticism

Chaos Theory, Complexity Theory and Literary Criticism

Chaos theory and complexity theory challenge some of our most deeply held beliefs about the nature of reality. The former claims that natural systems (for example, the weather) are controlled by mysterious forces, called ‘strange attractors‘, such that they are simultaneously random and determined -a conclusion which undermines the laws of logic on which so… Read More Chaos Theory, Complexity Theory and Literary Criticism

Key Theories of Jean Francois Lyotard

A French philosopher of the post-structuralist school, Jean Francois Lyotard (1925-1998) is perhaps best known for his book The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (1979). In that work, Lyotard attempted to define the principle aspects of postmodernity in the wake of developing technology. Technology transforms knowledge: We can predict that anything in the constituted body… Read More Key Theories of Jean Francois Lyotard

Homi Bhabha’s Concept of Hybridity

In a scenario where Derridean poststructuralism deconstructed the notion of the centre and Lyotardian Postmodern Condition undermined metanarratives (such as purity, nation etc.), postcolonialism, with the blurring of boundaries and profusion of transnational migrations, inevitably led to a celebration of multiculturalism and plurality. The resulting situation, which Homi K Bhabha calls hybridity, refers to the… Read More Homi Bhabha’s Concept of Hybridity

The postmodern as “the incredulity towards metanarratives”

Jean Francois Lyotard, in The Postmodern Condition famously described Postmodernism as the “incredulity towards metanarratives”. Postmodernism attacks specific notions of monolithic universals and encourages fractured, fluid and multiple perspectives. Lyotard observes that modernism relies on metanarratives or grand recits — the grand overarching stories that a. culture tells itself, hiding several contradictions and inconsistencies inherent in… Read More The postmodern as “the incredulity towards metanarratives”

Postmodernism

Postmodernism broadly refers to a socio-cultural and literary theory, and a shift in perspective that has manifested in a variety of disciplines including the social sciences, art, architecture, literature, fashion, communications, and technology. It is generally agreed that the postmodern shift in perception began sometime back in the late 1950s, and is probably still continuing.… Read More Postmodernism