Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Structuralism and Semiotics

One of the most distinguished thinkers in linguistics, philology and aesthetics, Jakobson was responsible for the development of semiotics as a critical practice. Since his work is extremely wide-ranging in scope, Jakobson’s contribution to semiotics and structuralism alone are discussed here. In the Jakobson model of communication (either oral or written) the following SIX constituent… Read More Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Structuralism and Semiotics

Jacques Lacan’s Reinterpretation of Freud

Jacques Lacan, who is often referred to as the “French Freud” transposed Freudian concepts into the realm of Saussurean structural linguistics, focussing on the operations of the process of signification, instead of the human mind as such. Lacanian reading attempted to correct the flaws of Freudian theory, especially the privilege that it accords to the… Read More Jacques Lacan’s Reinterpretation of Freud

Roman Jakobson’s Concepts of Metaphor and Metonymy

In his 1956 essay, Two Aspects of Language and-Two Types of Aphasic Disturbances, Jakobson proposes that language has a bipolar structure, oscillating between the poles of metaphor and metonymy, and that any discourse is developed along the semantic lines of the metaphoric, where one topic leads to another through similarity or substitution, and metonymic, where… Read More Roman Jakobson’s Concepts of Metaphor and Metonymy

Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Literary Studies: An Essay

The work of Roman Jakobson occupies a central place in the development of Formalism and Structuralism. A linguist from Moscow, Jakobson co-founded the Moscow Linguistic Circle in 1915, and along:with Viktor Shklovsky and Boris Eichenbaum, he was involved in yet another Russian Formalist group, the Society for the Study of Poetic Language (OPOJAZ) in 1916.… Read More Roman Jakobson’s Contribution to Literary Studies: An Essay